Thần Học Tín Lý

Thần Học Tín Lý căn bản. Nguyên văn từ cuốn Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma (Tín điều Công Giáo căn bản – 1952) của Linh mục, nhà thần học người Đức – Ludwig Ott (1905-1985).


INTRODUCTION

1. Concept and Object of Theology
2. Theology as a Science
3. Concept and Method of Dogmatic Theology
4. Concept and Classification of Dogma
5. The Development of Dogma
6. Catholic Truths
7. Theological Opinions

BOOK I. THE UNITY AND TRINITY OF GOD

Part 1. The Unity of God: His Existence and Nature
Section 1. The Existence of God
Chapter 1. The natural knowability of the Existence of God
1. The possibility of the natural knowledge of God in the light of supernatural Revelation
2. The possibility of a proof of God’s Existence
3. Errors regarding the natural knowability of God
Chapter 2. The supernatural knowability of the Existence of God
4. God’s Existence as an Object of Faith
Section 2. The Nature of God
Chapter 1. The knowledge of the Nature of God
5. The Natural Knowledge of the Nature of God in this World
6. The Supernatural Knowledge of the Divine Essence in the other World
7. The Supernatural Knowledge of the Divine Being in this World through Faith
Chapter 2. The Nature of God in Itself
8. The Biblical Names of God
9. The Physical and Metaphysical Nature of God
Section 3. The Attributes or Qualities of God
10. The Attributes of God in General
Chapter 1. The Attributes of the Divine Being
11. The Absolute Perfection of God
12. God’s Infinity
13. God’s Simplicity
14. God’s Unicity
15. God’s Truth
16. God’s Goodness
17. God’s Immutability
18. God’s Eternity
19. The Immensity or Immeasurability of God and His Omnipresence
Chapter 2. The Attributes of the Divine Life
I. The Divine Knowledge or Knowing
20. The Perfection of Divine Knowledge
21. Object and Division of the Divine Knowing
22. The Medium of the Divine Prescience of Free Actions of Rational Creatures
23. The Divine Knowing as Origin of Things
II. The Divine Willing
24. The Perfection of the Divine Willing
25. The Object of the Divine Volition
26. The Physical Properties of the Divine Will
27. The Moral Attributes of the Divine Will
Part 2. The Doctrine of the Triune God
Section 1. Dogmatic Formulation and Positive Foundation of the Dogma of the Trinity
Chapter 1. The Antitrinitarian Heresies and the Doctrinal Decisions of the Church
1. The Heresies
2. Doctrinal Decisions of the Church
Chapter 2. Proof of the Existence of the Trinity from Scripture and Tradition
3. Indications of the Trinity of God in the Old Testament
4. The Trinitarian Formulae
5. The New Testament Doctrine of God the Father
6. The New Testament Doctrine of God the Son
7. The New Testament Teaching Concerning God the Holy Ghost
8. The New Testament Doctrine of the Numerical Unity of the Divine Nature in the Three Persons
9. The Testimony of Tradition for the Trinity of God
Chapter 3. The Triple Personality of God
10. The Internal Divine Processions in General
11. The Procession of the Son from the Father by way of Generation
12. The Procession of the Holy Ghost from the Father and the Son by way of Spiration
Section 2. Speculative Explanation of the Dogma of the Trinity
Chapter 1. Speculative Explanation of the Internal-Divine Processions
13. The Son proceeds from the Intellect of the Father by way of Generation
14. The Holy Ghost proceeds from the Will or from the Mutual Love of the Father and of the Son
15. The Holy Ghost does not proceed through Generation but through Spiration
Chapter 2. The Divine Relations and Persons
16. The Divine Relations
17. The Divine Persons
18. The Divine Personal Properties (Proprietates) and Notions
19. The Trinitarian Perichoresis (Circumincession)
20. The Unity of the Divine Operation ad extra
21. The Appropriations
22. The Divine Missions
Chapter 3. The Relation of the Trinity to Reason
23. The Mysterious Character of the Dogma of the Trinity

BOOK II. GOD THE CREATOR

Section 1. The Divine Act of Creation
Chapter 1. The Beginning of the World or the Creation of the World
1. The Reality of the Divine Creation of the World
2. The Divine World-Idea
3. Motive and Purpose of the Creation of the World
4. The Trinity and Creation
5. Freedom of the Divine Act of Creation
6. The Temporal Character of the World
7. Incommunicability of the Creative Power
Chapter 2. The Continuous Preservation and Governing of the World
8. The Preservation of the World
9. The Divine Co-operation
10. The Divine Providence and Government of the World
Section 2. The Divine Work of Creation
Chapter 1. Revealed Doctrine concerning Material Things, i.e., Christian Cosmology
11. The Biblical Hexahemeron (the Six Days of Creation)
12. The Doctrine of Evolution in the Light of the Revelation
Chapter 2. The Doctrine of the Revelation regarding Man or Christian Anthropology
I. The Nature of Man
13. The Origin of the First Human Pair and the Unity of the Human Race
14. The Essential Constituent Parts of Human Nature
15. The Origin of the Individual Human Souls
II. The Elevation of Man to the Supernatural Order
16. The Concept of the Supernatural
17. The Relation between Nature and Supernature
18. The Supernatural Endowment of the First Man
19. Various States of Human Nature
III. Man’s Lapse from the Supernatural Order
20. The Personal Sin of the First Parents or Original Sin
21. The Existence of Original Sin
22. The Nature of Original Sin
23. The Transmission of Original Sin
24. The Consequences of Original Sin
25. The Lot of Children Dying in Original Sin
Chapter 3. Revelation Concerning the Angels or Christian Angelology
26. Existence, Origin, and Number of the Angels
27. The Nature of the Angels
28. The Supernatural Exaltation and Probation of the Angels
29. The Fall through Sin and the Rejection of the Bad Angels
30. The Efficacy of the Good Angels
31. The Efficacy of the Bad Angels

BOOK III. THE DOCTRINE OF GOD THE REDEEMER

Part 1. The Doctrine of the Person of the Redeemer
1. The Historical Existence of Jesus Christ
Section 1. The Two Natures in Christ and the Mode and Manner of their Unification
Chapter 1. The True Divinity of Christ
2. The Dogma of the True Divinity of Christ and its Opponents
3. The Testimony of the Old Testament
4. The Testimony of the Synoptic Gospels
5. The Testimony of the Gospel of St. John
6. The Testimony of the Pauline Epistles
7. The Testimony from the Tradition of the Church
Chapter 2. Christ’s True Humanity
8. The Reality of Christ’s Human Nature
9. The Integrity of Christ’s Human Nature
10. The Adamite Origin of Christ’s Human Nature
Chapter 3. The Unification of the Two Natures in Christ in the Unity of the Person
11. The Unity of Christ’s Person
12. The Duality of the Natures
13. The Duality of the Willing and the Modes of Operation
14. Beginning and Duration of the Hypostatic Union
Chapter 4. Theological-speculative Discussion on the Hypostatic Union
15. The Supernatural and Mysterious Character of the Hypostatic Union
16. Objections against the Dogma of the Hypostatic Union
17. The Relationship of the Hypostatic Union to the Trinity
Chapter 5. Inferences from the Hypostatic Union
18. The Natural Sonship of God of the Man Jesus Christ
19. Christ’s Right to Adoration
20. The Adoration of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus
21. Communication of Idioms
22. The Christological Perichoresis
Section 2. The Attributes of Christ’s Human Nature
Chapter 1. The Prerogatives of Christ’s Human Nature
I. The Prerogative of Christ in the Domain of Human Knowledge
23. The Immediate Vision of God
24. The Infused Knowledge of Christ
25. Christ’s Acquired Knowledge and the Progress of His Human Knowledge
II. The Excellences of Christ’s Human Will or Christ’s Holiness
26. Christ’s Sinlessness and Impeccability
27. Christ’s Sanctity and Fullness of Grace
III. The Perfection of Christ’s Human Power
28. Christ’s Power
Chapter 2. The Defects or the Passibility of Christ’s Human Nature
29. Christ’s Capacity for Suffering
Part 2. The Doctrine of the Work of the Redeemer
Chapter 1. The Redemption in General
1. The Purpose of the Incarnation
2. The Controversy as to the Conditioned or Unconditioned Predestination of the Incarnation
3. Concept and Possibility of the Redemption through Christ
4. Necessity for and Freedom of the Redemption
Chapter 2. The Realisation of the Redemption through the Three Offices of Christ
I. The Teaching Office
5. Christ’s Teaching or Prophetical Office
II. The Pastoral Office
6. Christ’s Pastoral or Kingly Office
III. The Priestly Office
7. Reality of Christ’s Priestly Office
8. The Exercise of the Sacerdotal Office or Christ’s Sacrifice
9. The Soteriological Importance of Christ’s Sacrifice
10. Christ’s Vicarious Atonement
11. Christ’s Merits
Chapter 3. The Glorious Conclusion of Christ’s Work of Redemption
12. Christ’s Descent into Hell
13. Christ’s Resurrection
14. Christ’s Ascension into Heaven
Part 3. The Mother of the Redeemer
Chapter 1. Mary’s Motherhood of God
1. The Reality of Mary’s Motherhood of God
2. Mary’s Fullness of Grace and her Dignity Deriving from her Motherhood of God
Chapter 2. The Privileges of the Mother of God
3. Mary’s Immaculate Conception
4. Mary’s Freedom from Evil Concupiscence and from every Personal Sin
5. Mary’s Perpetual Virginity
6. The Bodily Assumption of Mary into Heaven
Chapter 3. Mary’s Co-operation in the Work of Redemption
7. The Mediatorship of Mary
8. The Veneration of Mary

BOOK IV. GIÁO LÝ VỀ THIÊN CHÚA – ĐẤNG THÁNH HÓA

Part 1. The Doctrine of Grace
Introduction Of Grace in General
1. The Subjective Redemption in General
2. The Concept of Grace
3. Classification of Grace
4. The Principal Errors Concerning Grace
Section 1. Actual Grace
Chapter 1. The Nature of Actual Grace
5. Enlightening and Strengthening Grace
6. Antecedent and Consequent Grace
7. Controversy as to the Nature of Actual Grace
Chapter 2. The Necessity of Actual Grace
8. The Necessity of Grace for the Acts of the Supernatural Order
9. Human Nature’s capacity to act without Grace, and the Limits of this capacity
Chapter 3. The Distribution of Actual Grace
10. God’s Freedom in the Distribution of Grace or the Gratuity of Grace
11. The Universality of Grace
12. The Mystery of Predestination
13. The Mystery of Reprobation
Chapter 4. The Relation between Grace and Freedom
14. The Teaching of the Church on Grace and Freedom as against Heresy
15. Theological Speculation on the Relationship between Grace and Freedom
Section 2. Habitual Grace
Chapter 1. The Process of Justification
16. The Concept of Justification
17. The Causes of Justification
18. The Preparation for Justification
Chapter 2. The State of Justification
19. The Nature of Sanctifying Grace
20. The Formal Effects of Sanctifying Grace
21. The Comity of Sanctifying Grace
22. The Attributes of the State of Grace
Chapter 3. The Consequences or Fruits of Justification or the Doctrine Concerning Merit
23. The Reality of Supernatural Merit
24. The Conditions of Supernatural Merit
25. The Object of Supernatural Merit
Part 2. The Church
Chapter 1. The Divine Origin of the Church
1. The Concept Church
2. The Foundation of the Church by Christ
3. The Purpose of the Church
Chapter 2. The Constitution of the Church
4. The Hierarchical Constitution of the Church
5. The Primacy of St. Peter
6. The Primacy of Jurisdiction of the Pope
7. The Nature of the Papal Primacy
8. The Papal Teaching Primacy or the Papal Infallibility
9. The Bishops
Chapter 3. The Internal Constitution of the Church
10. Christ and the Church
11. The Holy Ghost and the Church
Chapter 4. The Properties or Essential Attributes of the Church
12. The Indefectibility of the Church
13. The Infallibility of the Church
14. The Visibility of the Church
15. The Unity of the Church
16. The Sanctity of the Church
17. The Catholicity of the Church
18. The Apostolicity of the Church
Chapter 5. The Necessity of the Church
19. Membership of the Church
20. The Necessity for Membership of the Church
Chapter 6. The Communion of Saints
21. Concept and Reality of the Communion of Saints
22. The Communion of the Faithful Living on Earth
23. The Communion between the Faithful on Earth and the Saints in Heaven
24. The Communion of the Faithful on Earth and the Saints in Heaven with the Poor Souls in Purgatory
Part 3. The Sacraments
Section 1. The Doctrine of the Sacraments in General
Chapter 1. The Nature of the Sacraments
1. The Concept of Sacrament
2. The Constituent Parts of the Sacramental Sign
Chapter 2. The Efficacy and the Effects of the Sacraments
3. The Objective Efficacy of the Sacraments
4. The Mode of Operation of the Sacraments
5. The Effects of the Sacraments
Chapter 3. The Institution and the Sevenfold Nature of the Sacraments
6. The Institution of the Sacraments by Christ
7. The Seven Sacraments
8. The Necessity of the Sacraments
Chapter 4. The Minister and the Recipient of the Sacraments
9. The Minister of the Sacraments
10. The Recipient of the Sacraments
Chapter 5. The pre-Christian Sacraments and Sacramentals
11. The pre-Christian Sacraments
12. The Sacramentals
Section 2. The Seven Sacraments
I. The Sacrament of Baptism
1. The Concept of Baptism and its Sacramental Nature
2. The Outward sign of Baptism
3. Effects of Baptism
4. Necessity of Baptism
5. The Minister of Baptism
6. The Recipient of Baptism
II. The Sacrament of Confirmation
1. Concept of Confirmation and its Sacramental Nature
2. The Outward Sign of Confirmation
3. The Effects of Confirmation
4. The Necessity of Confirmation
5. The Minister of Confirmation
6. The Recipient of Confirmation
III. The Sacrament of the Eucharist
1. The Concept of the Eucharist
Section 1. The Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist
Chapter 1. The Fact of the Real Presence of Christ
2. The Heretical Counter-theses
3. Christ’s Real Presence according to the Testimony of Holy Scripture
4. The Real Presence according to the Testimony of Tradition
Chapter 2. The Effecting of Christ’s Real Presence, or the Transubstantiation
5. Dogma and Concept of Transubstantiation
6. Transubstantiation according to the Testimony of the Sources of Faith
7. The Sacramental Accidents
Chapter 3. Nature and Manner of the Real Presence of Christ
8. The Totality of the Presence
9. The Permanence of the Real Presence
10. The Adoration due to the Eucharist
Chapter 4. The Blessed Eucharist and Human Reason
11. The Mysterious Character of the Eucharist
12. Apparent Contradictions between Reason and the Eucharistic Dogma
Section 2. The Eucharist as a Sacrament
13. The Sacramental Nature of the Eucharist
14. The Outward Signs of the Eucharist
15. The Effects of the Eucharist
16. The Necessity of the Eucharist
17. The Minister of the Eucharist
18. The Recipient of the Eucharist
Section 3. The Eucharist as a Sacrifice
Chapter 1. The Reality of the Sacrifice of the Mass
19. The Sacrificial Character of the Eucharist according to the Teaching of the Church
20. The Sacrificial Character of the Eucharist according to the Testimony of Holy Writ
21. The Sacrificial Character of the Eucharist according to the Testimony of Tradition
Chapter 2. The Nature of the Sacrifice of the Mass
22. The Relation of the Sacrifice of the Mass to the Sacrifice of the Cross
23. The Physical Nature of the Sacrifice of the Mass
24. The Metaphysical Nature of the Sacrifice of the Mass
Chapter 3. The Effects and the Efficacy of the Sacrifice of the Mass
25. The Effects of the Sacrifice of the Mass
26. The Efficacy of the Sacrifice of the Mass
27. The Value and the Fruits of the Sacrifice of the Mass
IV. The Sacrament of Penance
1. The Concept of Penance
Section 1. The Church’s Power to Forgive Sins
Chapter 1. The Existence of the Church’s Power to Forgive Sins
2. The Dogma and the Heretical Counter-propositions
3. The Testimony of Holy Writ
4. The Testimony of Tradition
Chapter 2. The Properties of the Church’s Power to Forgive Sins
5. The Church’s Power to Forgive Sins as a True Power of Absolution
6. The Universality of the Church’s Power to Forgive Sins
7. The Judicial Character of the Church’s Power to Forgive Sins
Section 2. The Church’s forgiveness of sins as a Sacrament
8. The Sacramental Nature of the Church’s Forgiveness of Sins
Chapter 1. The Outward Signs of the Sacrament of Penance
I. Contrition
9. Contrition in General
10. Perfect Contrition
11. Imperfect Contrition
II. Confession
12. The Divine Institution of Confession and the Necessity of Confession for Salvation
13. The Object of Confession
III. Satisfaction
14. Concept and Quality of Sacramental Satisfaction
IV. Absolution
15. The Priest’s Absolution as the Form of the Sacrament of Penance
Chapter 2. The Effects of the Sacrament of Penance and its Necessity
16. The Effects of the Sacrament of Penance
17. The Necessity of the Sacrament of Penance
Chapter 3. The Minister and the Recipient of the Sacrament of Penance
18. The Minister of the Sacrament of Penance
19. The Recipient of the Sacrament of Penance
Appendix
20. The Doctrine of Indulgences
V. The Sacrament of Extreme Unction
1. Concept and Sacramental Nature of Extreme Unction
2. The Outward Signs of Extreme Unction
3. The Effects of Extreme Unction
4. The Necessity of Extreme Unction
5. The Minister of Extreme Unction
6. The Recipient of Extreme Unction
VI. The Sacrament of Holy Order (Ordo)
1. Concept and Sacramental Nature of Holy Order
2. The Individual Grades of Ordination
3. The Outward Sign of the Sacrament of Order
4. The Effects of the Sacrament of Holy Order
5. The Dispenser of the Sacrament of Order
6. The Receiver of the Sacrament of Order
VII. The Sacrament of Matrimony
1. Concept, Origin and Sacramental Nature of Matrimony
2. Purpose and Properties of Matrimony
3. The Outward Sign of the Sacrament of Matrimony
4. The Effects of the Sacrament of Matrimony
5. Minister and Recipient of the Sacrament of Matrimony
6. The Church’s Power over Matrimony

BOOK V. THE DOCTRINE OF GOD THE CONSUMMATOR

Chapter 1. The Eschatology of the Individual Human Being
1. Death
2. The Particular Judgment
3. Heaven
4. Hell
5. Purgatory
Chapter 2. The Eschatology of the Whole of Humanity
6. The Second Coming of Christ
7. The Resurrection of the Dead
8. The General Judgment
9. The End of the World
Bibliography
Index of Persons
Index of Subjects